Genetic Diversity and Population Structure of Four Iranian Alfalfa Populations Revealed by Sequence-Related Amplified Polymorphism (SRAP) Markers
Majid Talebi, Zahra Hajiahmadi, Mehdi Rahimmalek
In the present study, genetic diversity of 48 individual plants from four Iranian cultivated populations of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) was evaluated using sequence-related amplified polymorphism (SRAP) markers. Fourteen SRAP primer combinations produced 193 fragments of which 95 were polymorphic. The number of polymorphic fragments detected per primer combination ranged from 3 to 10 bands with an average of 6.78 bands. Average polymorphic information content (PIC) was 0.343 for all primer combinations. Although the AMOVA (analysis of molecular variance) results showed a significant difference in the genetic diversity among the populations (P < 0.0001), the genetic variation mainly caused by the variation of intra population accounted for 93.17% of the total genetic variation. Unweighted pair-group method arithmetic average (UPGMA) analysis of the marker data clearly separated the populations of subtropical (Yazdi) and semi-cold (Hamadani and Nikshahri) as well as Kodi, an improved population. It can be concluded that SRAP markers are useful for studying diversity and relationships among and within alfalfa populations.